Using the *random* module, we can generate pseudo-random numbers. The function random() generates a random number between zero and one [0, 0.1 .. 1]. Numbers generated with this module are not truly random but they are enough random for most purposes.

**Related Courses:**

- Complete Python Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero in Python
- Automate the Boring Stuff with Python Programming

**Random number between 0 and 1.**

We can generate a (pseudo) random floating point number with this small code:

from random import * print random() # Generate a pseudo-random number between 0 and 1. |

**Generate a random number between 1 and 100**

To generate a whole number (integer) between one and one hundred use:

from random import * print randint(1, 100) # Pick a random number between 1 and 100. |

This will print a random integer. If you want to store it in a variable you can use:

from random import * x = randint(1, 100) # Pick a random number between 1 and 100. print x |

**Random number between 1 and 10**

To generate a random* floating point number* between 1 and 10 you can use the uniform() function

from random import * print uniform(1, 10) |

Picking a random item from a list

**Fun with lists**

We can shuffle a list with this code:

from random import * items = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10] shuffle(items) print items |

To pick a random number from a list:

from random import * items = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10] x = sample(items, 1) # Pick a random item from the list print x[0] y = sample(items, 4) # Pick 4 random items from the list print y |

We can do the same thing with a list of strings:

from random import * items = ['Alissa','Alice','Marco','Melissa','Sandra','Steve'] x = sample(items, 1) # Pick a random item from the list print x[0] y = sample(items, 4) # Pick 4 random items from the list print y |