Write file


Python supports writing files by default, no special modules are required. You can write a file using the .write() method with a parameter containing text data.

Before writing data to a file, call the open(filename,’w’) function where filename contains either the filename or the path to the filename. Finally, don’t forget to close the file.

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Complete Python Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero in Python

Create file for writing

The code below creates a new file (or overwrites) with the data.

#!/usr/bin/env python
 
# Filename to write
filename = "newfile.txt"
 
# Open the file with writing permission
myfile = open(filename, 'w')
 
# Write a line to the file
myfile.write('Written with Python\n')
 
# Close the file
myfile.close()

The ‘w’ flag makes Python truncate the file if it already exists. That is to say, if the file contents exists it will be replaced.

Append to file

If you simply want to add content to the file you can use the ‘a’ parameter.

#!/usr/bin/env python
 
# Filename to append
filename = "newfile.txt"
 
# The 'a' flag tells Python to keep the file contents
# and append (add line) at the end of the file.
myfile = open(filename, 'a')
 
# Add the line 
myfile.write('Written with Python\n')
 
# Close the file
myfile.close()

Parameters

A summary of parameters:

Flag Action
r Open file for reading
w Open file for writing (will truncate file)
b binary more
r+ open file for reading and writing
a+ open file for reading and writing (appends to end)
w+ open file for reading and writing (truncates files)

Read file
Python class: Objects and classes
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