Python dictionaries

A dictionary can be thought of as an unordered set of key: value pairs.

A pair of braces creates an empty dictionary: {}.  Each element can maps to a certain value.  An integer or string can be used for the index. Dictonaries do not have an order.

Related Course:
Complete Python Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero in Python 3

Dictionary example

Let us make a simple dictionary:

#!/usr/bin/python
 
words = {}
words["Hello"] = "Bonjour"
words["Yes"] = "Oui"
words["No"] = "Non"
words["Bye"] = "Au Revoir"
 
print(words["Hello"])
print(words["No"])

Output:

Bonjour
Non

We are by no means limited to single word defintions in the value part. A demonstration:

#!/usr/bin/python
 
dict = {}
dict['Ford'] = "Car"
dict['Python'] = "The Python Programming Language"
dict[2] = "This sentence is stored here."
 
print(dict['Ford'])
print(dict['Python'])
print(dict[2])

Output:

Car
The Python Programming Language
This sentence is stored here.

Manipulating the dictionary

We can manipulate the data stored in a dictionairy after declaration.  This is shown in the example below:

#!/usr/bin/python
 
words = {}
words["Hello"] = "Bonjour"
words["Yes"] = "Oui"
words["No"] = "Non"
words["Bye"] = "Au Revoir"
 
print(words)           # print key-pairs.
del words["Yes"]       # delete a key-pair.
print(words)           # print key-pairs.
words["Yes"] = "Oui!"  # add new key-pair.
print(words)           # print key-pairs.

Output:

{'Yes': 'Oui', 'Bye': 'Au Revoir', 'Hello': 'Bonjour', 'No': 'Non'}
{'Bye': 'Au Revoir', 'Hello': 'Bonjour', 'No': 'Non'}
{'Yes': 'Oui!', 'Bye': 'Au Revoir', 'Hello': 'Bonjour', 'No': 'Non'}