Functions

A function is reusable code that can be called anywhere in your program. Functions improve readability of your code: it’s easier for someone to understand code using functions instead of long lists of instructions.

On top of that, functions can be reused or modified which also improve testability and extensibility.
Related Course:
Complete Python Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero in Python 3

Function definition

We use this syntax to define as function:

def function(parameters):
instructions
return value

The def keyword tells Python we have a piece of reusable code (A function). A program can have many functions.

Practical Example

We can call the function using function(parameters).

#!/usr/bin/python
 
def f(x):
return(x*x)
 
print(f(3))

Output:

9

The function has one parameter, x. The return value is the value the function returns. Not all functions have to return something.

Parameters

 We can pass multiple variables:

#!/usr/bin/python
 
def f(x,y):
print('You called f(x,y) with the value x = ' + str(x) + ' and y = ' + str(y))
print('x * y = ' + str(x*y))
 
f(3,2)

Output:

You called f(x,y) with the value x = 3 and y = 2
x * y = 6