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Tk dropdown example

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Tkinter supports dropdown menus. This is similar to your standard combobox on your operating system.

The widget is called OptionMenu and the parameters you need are: frame, tk variable and a dictionary with choices.

tk dropdown menu

Related course:

Tkinter dropdown example

The example below creates a Tkinter window with a combobox. Code to create a simple Tkinter menu with a dropdown list:


from Tkinter import *
import Tkinter as ttk
from ttk import *

root = Tk()
root.title("Tk dropdown example")

# Add a grid
mainframe = Frame(root)
mainframe.grid(column=0,row=0, sticky=(N,W,E,S) )
mainframe.columnconfigure(0, weight = 1)
mainframe.rowconfigure(0, weight = 1)
mainframe.pack(pady = 100, padx = 100)

# Create a Tkinter variable
tkvar = StringVar(root)

# Dictionary with options
choices = { 'Pizza','Lasagne','Fries','Fish','Potatoe'}
tkvar.set('Pizza') # set the default option

popupMenu = OptionMenu(mainframe, tkvar, *choices)
Label(mainframe, text="Choose a dish").grid(row = 1, column = 1)
popupMenu.grid(row = 2, column =1)

# on change dropdown value
def change_dropdown(*args):
print( tkvar.get() )

# link function to change dropdown
tkvar.trace('w', change_dropdown)

root.mainloop()

It starts by creating a Tk object and pass it to a tkinter frame created with Frame()


root = Tk()
root.title("Tk dropdown example")
mainframe = Frame(root)

A grid is added to the frame which will hold the combo-box.


mainframe.grid(column=0,row=0, sticky=(N,W,E,S) )
mainframe.columnconfigure(0, weight = 1)
mainframe.rowconfigure(0, weight = 1)
mainframe.pack(pady = 100, padx = 100)

The popup menu contains a list of options which is defined in the variable choices.
A Tkinter variable is created with the line:


tkvar = StringVar(root)

The default value of the variable is set with the .set() method.
We create the Tkinter combobox with:


popupMenu = OptionMenu(mainframe, tkvar, *choices)

And link the callback method change_dropdown to this combobox.

If you are new to programming Tkinter, I highly recommend this course.

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