NLTK speech tagging

The module NLTK can automatically tag speech.
Given a sentence or paragraph, it can label words such as verbs, nouns and so on.

NLTK – speech tagging example

The example below automatically tags words with a corresponding class.

import nltk
from nltk.tokenize import PunktSentenceTokenizer
document = 'Whether you\'re new to programming or an experienced developer, it\'s easy to learn and use Python.'
sentences = nltk.sent_tokenize(document)   
for sent in sentences:

This will output a tuple for each word:
where the second element of the tuple is the class.
The meanings of these speech codes are shown in the table below:

We can filter this data based on the type of word:

import nltk
from nltk.corpus import state_union
from nltk.tokenize import PunktSentenceTokenizer
document = 'Today the Netherlands celebrates King\'s Day. To honor this tradition, the Dutch embassy in San Francisco invited me to'
sentences = nltk.sent_tokenize(document)   
data = []
for sent in sentences:
    data = data + nltk.pos_tag(nltk.word_tokenize(sent))
for word in data: 
    if 'NNP' in word[1]: 

which outputs:

speech tagging
Speech tagging

The classes include past tense, present. Using this technique we can quickly derive meaning from a text.