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Matplotlib Bar chart

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Matplotlib may be used to create bar charts. You might like the Matplotlib gallery.

Matplotlib is a python library for visualizing data. You can use it to create bar charts in python. Installation of matplot is on pypi, so just use pip: pip install matplotlib

The course below is all about data visualization:

Related course:
Data Visualization with Matplotlib and Python

Bar chart code

A bar chart shows values as vertical bars, where the position of each bar indicates the value it represents. matplot aims to make it as easy as possible to turn data into Bar Charts.

A bar chart in matplotlib made from python code. The code below creates a bar chart:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt; plt.rcdefaults()
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

objects = ('Python', 'C++', 'Java', 'Perl', 'Scala', 'Lisp')
y_pos = np.arange(len(objects))
performance = [10,8,6,4,2,1]

plt.bar(y_pos, performance, align='center', alpha=0.5)
plt.xticks(y_pos, objects)
plt.ylabel('Usage')
plt.title('Programming language usage')

plt.show()

Output:

figure_barchart Python Bar Chart

Matplotlib charts can be horizontal, to create a horizontal bar chart:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt; plt.rcdefaults()
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

objects = ('Python', 'C++', 'Java', 'Perl', 'Scala', 'Lisp')
y_pos = np.arange(len(objects))
performance = [10,8,6,4,2,1]

plt.barh(y_pos, performance, align='center', alpha=0.5)
plt.yticks(y_pos, objects)
plt.xlabel('Usage')
plt.title('Programming language usage')

plt.show()

Output:

Bar chart horizontal Bar chart horizontal

Bar chart comparison

You can compare two data series using this Matplotlib code:

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# data to plot
n_groups = 4
means_frank = (90, 55, 40, 65)
means_guido = (85, 62, 54, 20)

# create plot
fig, ax = plt.subplots()
index = np.arange(n_groups)
bar_width = 0.35
opacity = 0.8

rects1 = plt.bar(index, means_frank, bar_width,
alpha=opacity,
color='b',
label='Frank')

rects2 = plt.bar(index + bar_width, means_guido, bar_width,
alpha=opacity,
color='g',
label='Guido')

plt.xlabel('Person')
plt.ylabel('Scores')
plt.title('Scores by person')
plt.xticks(index + bar_width, ('A', 'B', 'C', 'D'))
plt.legend()

plt.tight_layout()
plt.show()

Output:

barchart_python Python Bar Chart comparison

Stacked bar chart

The example below creates a stacked bar chart with Matplotlib. Stacked bar plots show diffrent groups together.

# load matplotlib
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# data set
x = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']
y1 = [100, 120, 110, 130]
y2 = [120, 125, 115, 125]

# plot stacked bar chart
plt.bar(x, y1, color='g')
plt.bar(x, y2, bottom=y1, color='y')
plt.show()

Output:

stacked bar chart

Download All Matplotlib Examples

 

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K Syed Khamarudheen Thu, 08 Oct 2015

Thank you......You made my day..... :).......